Citytrips Kenya, Kenya Posted by: admin
Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The city proper has a population of over 3 million people while the metropolitan area has a population of over 6,5 million. It is the second-largest city by population in the African Great Lakes region after Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. It is also the 10th-largest city in Africa, including the population of its suburbs. Nairobi is popularly referred to as the Green City in the Sun. Colonial authorities in British East Africa found Nairobi in 1899. It served as a rail depot on the Uganda Railway. In that time the city was a centre for the colony’s coffee, tea and sisal industry. In 1907 Nairobi had grown big enough to replace Machakos as the capital of Kenya. After the independence in 1963, it became the capital of the Republic of Kenya. The city lies on the River Athi in the southern part of the country and has an elevation of 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level.
The economy of Nairobi
Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON), Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa’s fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day.
via Wikimedia Commons
Construction boom and real estate development projects
A view of Nairobi from the Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Nairobi is currently undergoing a construction boom. Major real estate projects and skyscrapers are coming up in the city. Among them are: Hass twin towers which will tower at 212m, Britam Tower (198m), Avic International Africa headquarters (176m), Prism tower (140m), Pan Africa insurance towers, Pallazzo offices, and many other projects. Shopping malls are also being constructed like the recently completed Garden city Mall, Centum’s Two rivers Mall, The Hub in Karen, Karen waterfront, Thika Greens, and the recently reconstructed Westgate Mall. High-class residential apartments for living are coming up like Le Mac towers, a residential tower in Westlands Nairobi with 23 floors. Avic International is also putting up a total of four residential apartments on Waiyaki way: a 28-level tower, two 24-level towers, and a 25-level tower. Hotel towers are also being erected in the city. Avic International is putting up a 30-level hotel tower of 141m in the Westlands. The hotel tower will be operated by Marriot group. Jabavu limited is constructing a 35 floor hotel tower in Upper Hill which will be high over 140 metres in the city skyline. Arcon Group Africa has also announced plans to erect a skyscraper in Upper hill which will have 66 floors and tower over 290 metres, further cementing Upper hill as the preferred metropolis for multinational corporations launching their operations in the Kenyan capital.
Nairobi’s tallest skyscrapers
Pinnacle Towers 274 m (899 ft)
UAP Tower 163 m (535 ft)
Times Tower 140 m (460 ft)
Teleposta Towers 120 m (390 ft)
Kenyatta International Conference Centre 105 m (344 ft)
NSSF Building 103 m (338 ft)
I&M Bank Tower 100 m (330 ft)
Nyayo House 84 m (276 ft)
Cooperative Bank House 83 m (272 ft)
National Bank House 82 m (269 ft)
Hazina Towers 81 m (266 ft)
Rahimtulla Tower 80 m (260 ft)
National parcs and gardens
Nairobi National ParkNairobi National Park is a national park in Kenya. Established in 1946, the national park was Kenya’s first. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of the centre of Nairobi, Kenya’s capital city, with an electric fence separating the park’s wildlife from the metropolis. Nairobi’s skyscrapers can be seen from the park. The proximity of urban and natural environments has caused conflicts between the animals and local people and threatens animals’ migration routes.
Still, despite its proximity to civilisation and relative small size for an African national park, Nairobi National Park boasts a large and varied wildlife population. Migrating herbivores gather in the park during the dry season, and it is one of Kenya’s most successful rhinoceros sanctuaries.
Flora of Nairobi National Park
The park’s predominant environment is open grass plain with scattered Acacia bushes. The western uplands of the park have a dry forest highland with stands of Olea africana, Croton dichogamus, Brachylaena hutchinsii, and Calodendrum. The lower slopes of these areas are grassland. Themeda, cypress, Digitaria, and Cynodon species are found in these grassland areas. There are also scattered yellow-barked Acacia xanthophloea. There is a riverine forest along the permanent river in the south of the park. There are areas of broken bush and deep rocky valleys and gorges within the park. The species in the valleys are predominantly Acacia and Euphorbia candelabrum. Other tree species include Apodytes dimidiata, Canthium schimperiana, Elaeodendron buchananii, Ficus eriocarpa, Aspilia mossambicensis, Rhus natalensis, and Newtonia species. Several plants that grow on the rocky hillsides are unique to the Nairobi area. These species include Euphorbia brevitorta, Drimia calcarata, and Murdannia clarkeana.
Fauna of Nairobi National Park
In the park you can find a large diversity of wildlife. The species include Cape buffaloes, baboons, eastern black rhinos, gazelles, zebras, Tanzanian cheetahs, Coke’s hartebeest, hippopotami, leopards, East African lions, elands, impala, Masai giraffes, ostriches, vultures and waterbucks.
Herbivores, as wildebeest and zebra, use the Kitengela conservation area and migration corridor to the south of the park to reach the Athi-Kapiti plains. They disperse over the plains in the wet season and return to the park in the dry season. The concentration of wildlife in the park is greatest in the dry season, when areas outside the park have dried up. Small dams built along the Mbagathi River give the park more water resources than these outside areas. They attract water dependent herbivores during the dry season. The park is the northern limit for wildlife migrations in the dry season.
The park houses also many bird species. There are 500 permanent and migratory species in the park.
Dams have created a man-made habitat for birds and aquatic species.
Since 1963 the “David Sheldrick Trust” sanctuary hand-rears orphaned elephant and rhinoceros calves, to release them back into secure sanctuaries later. Orphaned and sick animals are brought to the sanctuary from all over Kenya. The sanctuary is located close to the park’s main entrance. It was set up by Daphne Sheldrick after the death of her husband David Sheldrick, the anti-poaching warden of Tsavo National Park. Nairobi National Park is sometimes called Kifaru Ark, which means “Rhinoceros Sanctuary”. It is one of Kenya’s most successful rhinoceros sanctuaries, and it is one of only a few parks where visitors can be certain of seeing a black rhinoceros in its natural habitat.
Nairobi National park make the city a prime tourist destination together with its included Safari Walk.
There are further several museums, sites, and monuments with the Nairobi National Museum as the largest museum in the city. It houses a large collection of artefacts portraying Kenya’s rich heritage through history, nature, culture, and contemporary art. You find there also the full remains of a homo erectus, known as the Turkana boy. Other prominent museums include the Nairobi Gallery, Nairobi Railway Museum, and the Karen Blixen Museum located in the affluent Karen suburb. Uhuru Gardens, a national monument and the largest memorial park in Kenya, is also the place where the first Kenyan flag was raised at independence. It is located along Langata road near the Wilson Airport.
5 star hotels
Nairobi is nicknamed the Safari Capital of the World or the Green City in the Sun, and has many hotels to cater for safari-bound tourists. Five-star hotels in Nairobi include:
Laico Regency (formerly Grand Regency Hotel),LAICO Regency Hotel
Loita Street & Uhuru Hwy Po Box 57549 , Nairobi, Kenya
Nairobi Safari Club (Lilian Towers)http://hotels.travelengine.eu/Hotel/Nairobi_Safari_Club.htm
The Sarova Stanley Hotelhttp://hotels.travelengine.eu/Hotel/Sarova_Stanley.htm
Safari Park & Casinohttp://hotels.travelengine.eu/Hotel/Safari_Park_Hotel_Nairobi.htm
Other newer ones include the
Crowne Plaza Hotel Nairobi in Upper Hill area,
the Sankara Nairobi in Westlands,
Tribe Hotel-Village Market,
House of Waine,
andlocated along Mombasa Highway.
International chains apart from the Hilton,
the Intercontinental group,
and Serena Hotels are also setting up properties in Nairobi city.
Upcoming establishments include
Radisson Blu and
Radisson Blu Hotel Nairobi Upper Hill
the upscale boutique Bidwood Suite Hotel in Westlands,
which are nearing completion.
The Best Western Premier-Nairobi and
The Villa Rosa Kempinski have been completed and opened.
The Solar Ice Rink at the Panari Hotel’s Sky Centre
Nairobi is also home to the largest ice rink in Africa: the Solar Ice Rink at the Panari Hotel’s Sky Centre. The rink, opened in 2005, covers 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) and can accommodate 200 people.
Shopping malls in Nairobi include:
Greenspan Mall (Donholm),
Yaya Centre (Hurlingham),
Sarit Centre (Westlands),
Westgate Shopping Mall (Westlands),
ABC Place (Westlands),
The Village Market (Gigiri),
Junction Shopping Mall (Ngong Road),
Prestige Plaza (Ngong Road),
Crossroads Shopping Centre (Karen),
Garden City Mall (Thika Road)
Thika Road Mall (Thika Road).
Nakumatt, Uchumi, and Tuskys, Naivas are the largest supermarket chains with modern stores throughout the city.
Coffee houses and restaurants
The Nairobi Java House is a coffee house and restaurant chain with branches located around the city including one at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Other coffee chains include Art Caffe, Dormans Coffee House and Savannah, which is part of Sasini Tea.
Nairobi’s night life is popular with tourists, young and old. From a collection of gourmet restaurants offering local and international cuisine, Nairobi has something to offer to every age and pocket. Most common known food establishments include The Carnivore and The Tamarind Restaurants which have outlets in Langata, City Centre, and the Village Market. For those more discerning travellers, one can choose from a wide array of local cuisine, Mediterranean, fast food, Ethiopian, and Arabian. The city’s nightlife is mostly centred along friends and colleagues meeting after work especially on Fridays – commonly known as “Furahiday” (Happy Day), theme nights, events and concerts, and Shisha cafés. The most popular clubbing spots are centred in upmarket Westlands which has come to be known as “Electric Avenue”, Karen, Langata, Hurlingham, and “uptown” venues in the city centre. Nairobians generally go out every day of the week and most establishments are open till late.
Other sites include Jomo Kenyatta’s Mausoleum, Kenya National Theatre, and the Kenya National Archives. Art galleries in Nairobi include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma), the Mizizi Arts Centre, and the Nairobi National Museum.
Places to visit
Bomas of Kenya
David Sheldrick Centre
Florida Discothèque (demolished)
Garden City Shopping Complex
Karen Blixen Home
Karen Blixen Museum
Kenyatta International Conference Centre Rooftop and View of City Skyline
Nairobi Mamba Village
Nairobi National Museum
Nairobi National Park (incl. Nairobi Safari Walk)
Oloo’s Children Center in Kibera Slums
Splash Water World
The Nairobi Arboretum
The Karura Forest
The Memorial Park Garden
The National Council of Churches of Kenya HQ, Hurlingham
United Nations Office at Nairobi
Utamaduni Craft Centre
Nairobi is located in the tropical climate zone, but because of its high location, it has a very pleasant climate. The average annual temperature is 19 ° C, the average annual rainfall is 1024.2 mm.
In the warmest month of March the temperature averages 20.5 ° C, during the coldest month of July averages 16.8 ° C. Most precipitation falls in April with an average of 219.4 mm. while on average 17.5mm of water falls in July.
Cheap flights to Nairobi
The Cheapest Round-trip Tickets from London to Nairobi
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Cheap Flights to Nairobi
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